Previous article needed to understand this one...
Recently, I spent quite a lot of time trying to go beyond the descriptions of the 16 MBTI personality types. It has become an obsession for days, then weeks. Finally, I began to see people not by the description of their type, but rather by the functions they’re using. This led me to a deeper understanding and much more flexibility.
Each person is using 4 main jungian functions: sensing, intuition, feeling and thinking. The first 2 are input or perceiving functions, the last 2 are decision-making, output or judging functions. Each person prefers to get the info from the world through one of the perceiving functions and makes decisions using one of the judging functions. The other 2 remaining functions are used to balance the preferred functions, and are not so easy to notice.
Now, things would be simple following these rules, but there comes another aspect: introversion and extroversion. If you add this to the entire story, things change. For instance, introverted thinking (Ti) is different from extroverted thinking (Te): the Ti is analytical, while the Te is practical. As a result, we’re suddenly talking about 8 very different functions, 4 of them brought to the light in our Persona, 4 of them kept in the Shadow.
Below is a table with the description of the 8 jungian functions:
The result of all this is the well-known map of the 16 personality types (click to enlarge):
In my quest for detailed descriptions of the 8 functions, I finally found what I was looking for. Below is a list with each function at various levels of jungian hierarchy. But first, it’s important to look at the following image:
If you look at the Yin-Yang symbol, you can understand that we’re made by light and shadow; there are things we don’t know about us, or things we don’t like to show to the world (Shadow) and things we use in our Persona, in the light. We’re born using the Dominant function, and later we develop the other 3 functions. But just as the Yin blends in the Yang, these functions are at different levels of awareness. And there is always the other side, the dark side, who waits to come into our life and act-out. Every time we’re using the main functions (in red), everything is OK. When we start using our shadow functions (in blue), things turn nasty for us and for the ones around us. The idea is to use at least our superior functions (the first 2, Dominant & Auxiliary) to their perfection, in order to be successful in life.
The functions have suggestive names. Know them for your type and develop the first 4 ones! Avoid developing the last 4 ones (from 5 to 8), because they are everything you hate in this world!
In the following list, you will easily recognize yourself.You don’t need tests to know your type, but you can use this list to verify if your type is correct. The entire idea of this article is not to classify people in 16 personality types, but to show you the directions in which you should excel, in which you should develop your maximum potential. A second purpose is to know the other personality types and understand why people are so much different. There aren’t good or bad people. There are people like you, who are using common functions, and there are different people, using different functions.
1. Dominant (ExTJ) – Telling others what to do, directing and organizing people, making plans for groups.
2. Auxiliary (IxTJ) – Helping others think logically, credence to external facts, providing clear instructions.
3. Tertiary (ExFP) – Making simple charts, diagrams, and lists; sometimes being blunt or tactless.
4. Inferior (IxFP) – Carrying out plans for the sole purpose of fulfilling deeply held values.
5. Opposing – (IxTP) – Not thinking about how one’s ideas apply to reality, can fail to take action.
6. Senex (ExTP) – Acting contrary to external logic, disparaging schedules and timelines.
7. Trickster (IxFJ) – Not caring what actions are pragmatic, giving others a false sense of direction.
8. Demon (ExFJ) – Candy-coating the truth, ignoring facts, scapegoating, mistaking directness for meanness.
1. Dominant (IxTP) – Acute understanding of what makes sense, intellectual strength, clear logical principles.
2. Auxiliary (ExTP) – Breaking ideas down little by little, able to give concise explanations and descriptions.
3. Tertiary (IxFJ) – Sometimes concerned with technical accuracy, can be pedantic about certain things.
4. Inferior (ExFJ) – Occasionally balancing a stable emotional atmosphere with critical thinking and input.
5. Opposing (ExTJ) – Sees finer discrepancies as arbitrary or hair-splitting, devalues individual reasoning.
6. Senex (IxTJ) – Ignores logical principles, doesn’t care about why or how something works.
7. Trickster (ExFP) – Faking understanding, misinterpreting principles, blending theory with fact.
8. Demon (IxFP) – Disorganized internal framework of logic, believing something makes sense if it feels right.
1. Dominant (ExFJ) – Strives for harmony, upholds shared values, highly aware of emotional atmosphere.
2. Auxiliary (IxFJ) – Makes speech appropriate for the situation, assisting people by impacting their feelings..
3. Tertiary (ExTP) – Maintaining camaraderie, limiting conflict, acting in accordance with a common cause.
4. Inferior (IxTP) – Subdued expressiveness, figuring out what emotions make sense for a given environment.
5. Opposing (IxFP) – Unwilling to discuss feelings or agree on morals, criticizes societal values.
6. Senex (ExFP) – Can have ulterior motive for hospitality, giving compliments to make one’s self feel better.
7. Trickster (IxTJ) – Leading people astray by messing with morals, making own rules for social correctness.
8. Demon (ExTJ) – Using emotional manipulation to achieve an outcome yet disregarding others’ feelings.
1. Dominant (IxFP) – Understands one’s values, clear sense of good and evil, able to predict own reactions.
2. Auxiliary (ExFP) – Able to influence others, motivated by feelings about people, conveys passion.
3. Tertiary (IxTJ) – Having simply defined but strong values, can identify how they feel about an issue.
4. Inferior (ExTJ) – Spreading goodwill through telling others what to do.
5. Opposing (ExFJ) – Annoyed by abstract moral questions, doesn’t want to make ethics unique to oneself.
6. Senex (IxFJ) – Thinks of moral issues as useless and doesn’t see their application to humanity.
7. Trickster (ExTP) – Uses ethical dilemmas to manipulate people, making others feel guilty.
8. Demon (IxTP) – Has a difficult time forming values without any given logical basis.
1. Dominant (ESxP) – Hyper-aware of environment, always on the lookout for opportunities in the present.
2. Auxiliary (ISxP) – Freely gives practical advice, willing to use physical energy to accomplish a goal.
3. Tertiary (ENxJ) – Engaging in physical activity every now and then, uses force of will periodically.
4. Inferior (INxJ) – Taking action to make one’s vision a reality, testing ideas to see if they’re practical.
5. Opposing (ISxJ) – Wants to concentrate on one thing at a time, not on their surroundings as a whole.
6. Senex (ESxJ) – Suppressing impulses, uncomfortable taking action without a detailed plan.
7. Trickster (INxP) – Unconcerned with appearances, avoids situations where physical force is important.
8. Demon (ENxP) – Can be clumsy, ignores immediate situation and compares it to other contexts.
1. Dominant (ISxJ) – Having a sharp memory for specifics, strong recollection of past experiences.
2. Auxiliary (ESxJ) – Relies on rules and details as a guide, keeping a list of common norms in mind.
3. Tertiary (INxP) – Knowledge of certain details in their area of interest, sometimes reflecting on the past.
4. Inferior (ENxP) – Sense of the natural order of life gives stability to fantasizing and theorizing.
5. Opposing (ESxP) – Disparages detailed information if it’s not applicable to a real problem.
6. Senex (ISxP) – Not willing to reminisce or recall events unless they can relive the actual experience.
7. Trickster (ENxJ) – Pretending to remember things, creating a fictitious personal history.
8. Demon (INxJ) – Easily forgets names/numbers/dates, feeling disconnected from their own body.
1. Dominant (ENxP) – Extrapolates ideas across contexts, constantly innovating, compares dissimilar things.
2. Auxiliary (INxP) – On the lookout for possibilities and opportunities in common occurrences.
3. Tertiary (ESxJ) – Finding a new way of completing tasks in order to take a break from the customary.
4. Inferior (ISxJ) – Open to new ideas once they can see similarity to prior experiences.
5. Opposing (INxJ) – Doubting certain possibilities, prefers to innovate over time and not immediately.
6. Senex (ENxJ) – Devalues the importance of patterns in events, skeptical of novelty ideas.
7. Trickster (ISxP) – Deliberately making things more complicated than they need to be, provoking chaos.
8. Demon (ESxP) – Mistaking hypothetical events for actual ones, stealing ideas, acting out possibilities.
1. Dominant (INxJ) – Faith in their vision, committed to a long-term plan, synthesizes information thoroughly.
2. Auxiliary (ENxJ) – Awareness of what their overall goal is, having an idea of how the future will be.
3. Tertiary (ISxP) – Predicting where they will be in a few years, making inferences about absent information.
4. Inferior (ESxP) – Preparing for the future by focusing on the present, seeing connections after experience.
5. Opposing (ENxP) – Feels confined when limited to one possibility, difficulty seeing the most likely event.
6. Senex (INxP) – Neglects preparation for impending trouble, casting doubt onto others’ dreams/ambitions.
7. Trickster (ESxJ) – Advocating superstitious beliefs, not believing something if it hasn’t happened before.
8. Demon (ISxJ) – Identifying insight as craziness, seeing connections that don’t exist, paradigmic thinking.
On the funny side, I found on the internet several answers given by different types to a limit-situation. I hope you’ll enjoy it!